Gao(Mali): France has bombed an Islamist rebel hideout in northern Mali's largest city, intensifying a security lock-down against guerrilla attacks as the French-led campaign entered its second month.
Witnesses said a French attack helicopter destroyed the central police station in Gao in a pre-dawn assault yesterday.
A day earlier, rebels from the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) had hidden in the building before opening fire on Malian troops, sparking a long street battle.
Hundreds of curious locals gathered yesterday morning to view the wreckage of the police station, where body parts and unexploded grenades lay amid the debris.
Soldiers eventually closed off the area so a French demining team could get to work, also evacuating the city's main market nearby.
"We fear an attack," a senior Malian officer explained.
One witness to the helicopter attack said an Islamist fighter inside the police station had blown himself up. Later that day, blood splatters and flesh still covered the concrete.
"It's disgusting but wonderful to see," said Mahamane Tandina, 24. "These people tortured us, they did nothing but damage here."
During the 10 months the extremists occupied northern Mali, MUJAO used the police station as the headquarters of its "Islamic police", enforcing a strict form of sharia that included public whippings and amputations.
MUJAO has claimed Sunday's attack and a pair of suicide bombings Friday and Saturday, the opening shots of a deepening insurgency in the former French colony.
Sunday's street fighting was the first large-scale urban guerrilla assault on territory reclaimed by French-led forces.
Medical and military sources said at least two Islamist rebels and three civilians were killed and 17 people wounded, including two Malian soldiers, in Sunday's battle.
France launched its operation on January 11, after Mali's interim government requested help. It sent in fighter jets, attack helicopters and ground troops to battle Islamist rebels who had seized the north and were advancing into southern territory.
The campaign racked up a string of early successes as French and African troops drove the extremists from Gao, Timbuktu and the rest of the towns under their control.
But the turn to suicide attacks, landmine explosions and guerrilla fighting show the security problems still facing Mali - and by extension France, which is eager to wind down the operation and hand over to a United Nations peacekeeping mission.
Paris announced last week it would begin bringing its troops home in March. Yesterday, French President Francois Hollande told reporters the intervention had been a success.
"The greater part of Malian territory has been freed, no town is occupied by a terrorist group and no networks or groups who had up until now threatened the lives of Malians are capable of launching a real offensive," Hollande said.
But at the same Paris news conference Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan warned that the west African force slowly being deployed in Mali would likely have to stay for some time.
"The rebels will come back as terrorists using guerrilla tactics," Jonathan said. "It's not going to be an overnight operation."