New Delhi: The mercy pleas the Hindutva icon Veer Savarkar had made before the British to get the release from imprisonment are well documented in many historical studies related to Indian independence. But these documents are silent on what had instigated Savarkar to write for mercy to the British monarch.
Filling this crucial part in history and stating the historical role Savarkar did during the country's freedom struggle, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that it was none other than Mahatma Gandhi under whose insistence Savarkar wrote these mercy petitions.
During an address at the launch of a book on Savarkar at Ambedkar International Centre in Delhi, the Defence Minister made this statement which has been missing in the historical documents till now. Clearing the air over falsehood that has been spreading on Savarkar, Singh said that he himself did not file for mercy petitions but only accepting Gandhi's suggestion.
He described Savarkar as a "national icon" at the book-release event and said he gave the country a "robust defence and diplomatic doctrine".
"He was an icon of the Indian history and will remain so. There can be a difference of opinion about him, but to look down on him as inferior is not appropriate and justifiable. He was a freedom fighter and a staunch nationalist, but people who follow the Marxist and Leninist ideology are the ones who accuse Savarkar of being a fascist...," Mr Singh said, adding that the hatred towards Savarkar is illogical and unplaced.
Talking about Savarkar as a freedom fighter, he said his commitment to freedom was so strong that the British sentenced him to life imprisonment twice.
"Lies were spread about Savarkar repeatedly. It was spread that he filed many mercy petitions for seeking his release from jails... It was Mahatma Gandhi who asked him to file the mercy petitions...," the Defence Minister said.
Savarkar was forthright in saying that India's relations with other countries should depend on how conducive those ties are to India's security and its interests, irrespective of the kind of government in those countries, he said.
"Savarkar was India's first military strategic affairs expert in the 20th century, who gave the country a robust defence and diplomatic doctrine," Singh said.
Discussing Savarkar's concept of Hindutva, he said the word "Hindu" for him was not associated with any religion and it was linked to India's geographical and political identity. For Savarkar, Hindutva was associated with cultural nationalism, he added.
"For Savarkar, an ideal state was the one where its citizens were not differentiated on the basis of their culture and religion and therefore, there is a need to deeply understand his Hindutva," the veteran BJP leader said.
Echoing similar sentiments about Savarkar, RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat said his ideology of Hindutva never suggested to differentiate between people on the basis of their culture and methodology of worshipping God.
"Savarkar used to say, why do we differentiate? We are the sons of the same motherland, we are brothers. The different methodologies of worship have been the tradition of our country. We have been fighting for the country together," Bhagwat said.
Underlining that Savarkar was not an enemy of the Muslims, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) chief said he had written many ghazals in Urdu.
Several people talked about Hindutva and unity in the Indian society, it was just that Savarkar spoke about it loudly and now, after so many years, it is being felt that had everyone spoken loudly, no division (of the country) would have happened, he added.
"...the Muslims who migrated to Pakistan after the partition have no prestige in that country because they belong to India and it cannot be changed. We have the same ancestors, only our methodology of worship is different and we are all proud of our liberal culture of Sanatan Dharma. That heritage takes us forward, that is why all of us are living here together," Mr Bhagwat said.
(With PTI inputs)