Islamabad: Afghan President Ashraf Ghani arrived for a two-day visit to neighbouring Pakistan on Friday, seeking to improve ties crucial to his hopes of reviving Taliban peace talks as US troops end their 13-year war.
Ghani will hold talks with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and the pair are expected to watch a cricket match between the two countries on Saturday in a public demonstration of better relations despite fraught cross-border tensions.
Both nations accuse each other of allowing militants to shelter in the border regions and launch bloody attacks that threaten regional stability.
Former Afghan president Hamid Karzai routinely accused Pakistan of continuing to fuel the Taliban insurgency to destabilise his country as a hedge against Indian influence there.
Islamabad denies the charge but its support, and that of its powerful military, are seen as important for peace in Afghanistan as NATO pulls out its combat troops.
Pakistan was one of only three countries to recognise the hardline Taliban regime that ruled Kabul from 1996 until 2001, when it was deposed by a US-led international military coalition.Despite repeated visits to Pakistan by the former president, there was little palpable improvement in relations during Karzai`s 13-years in power.
The long-running tensions between the two countries were underlined by a US Pentagon report last week that said Pakistan continued to use "proxy forces" to destabilise Afghanistan.
Pakistan has long been concerned about the influence of arch-rival India in Afghanistan, fearing "encirclement" on its western border. But diplomats say that Ghani`s presidency, which started in September, offers a major opportunity at a time when US-led NATO troops are withdrawing from the fight against the Taliban.
Ghani arrived at Chaklala air base in Rawalpindi, Islamabad`s twin city, on Friday and was greeted by Sartaj Aziz, Sharif`s special advisor on foreign affairs.
Ghani, who emerged as president after a long dispute over fraud-mired elections, has said that seeking peace is his first priority after decades of conflict in Afghanistan.
Since taking power the 65-year-old former World Bank economist has made trips to Saudi Arabia and China, two key allies of Pakistan.
A Western diplomat told AFP Ghani had used the visits to ask Riyadh and Beijing to encourage Pakistan to support peace efforts in Afghanistan.
According to the diplomat, two approaches to dealing with the Taliban are currently being considered by Afghanistan.
Chief executive Abdullah Abdullah favours completely resetting ties with Pakistan and using them to approach the Taliban, the diplomat said.
Ghani, in contrast, would prefer to follow Karzai and try to deal with the insurgents directly, through contacts in restive eastern Afghanistan, and bypass Islamabad, the diplomat said.
The Taliban, which dismissed the Afghan election as a US plot, has often said they will fight on until all foreign troops have left Afghanistan.
About 12,500 US-led troops will stay on into next year on a NATO training and support mission.