New Delhi: The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore rose 31 places in a year becoming the highest-ranking Indian institute in the 2023 edition of the QS World University Rankings, pushing back IIT-Bombay to second position and IIT-Delhi to third.
IISc, Bangalore is the fastest growing South Asian University in the top 200 universities in the QS World University Rankings, with a ranking of 155 and four Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) have a higher rank than previous version. The ranking also shows that 13 Indian Universities have a higher Citation per Faculty (CpF) score which means that their research impact relative to global competitors has been improved.
IIT-Bombay (IIT-B) and IIT-Delhi (IIT-D), which have risen five and 11 places to rank 172 and 174 respectively, are the only other Indian institutes in the global league of top 200.
Leading universities like Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi University and Jamia Millia Islamia have slipped in the QS World University ranking.. Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), a global higher education observer, on Thursday released the 19th edition of the world's most popular comparative data on university performance, NDTV reported.
The Delhi University, which is ranked 10th among the top Indian universities in the 19th edition of the world's most consulted international university ranking, has been relegated from the 501-510 bracket to the 521-530 category. JNU's ranking has dropped from 561-570 to 601-650 bracket.
Jamia Millia Islamia's ranking decreased to 801-1000. Last year it was between 751-800. The rankings also show that Jamia Hamdard, which was ranked between 1001-1200 in the last edition, is now in the 1201-1400 bracket. The University of Hyderabad shifted from 651-700 to 751-800, Jadavpur University from 651-700 to 701-750 and IIT-Bhubaneswar from 701-750 to 801-1000. These were among the universities outside Delhi that saw a decline in their rankings.
The rankings show that Indian universities continue to struggle with the QS' measure of institutional teaching capacity. Thirty of the 41 ranked universities in India have experienced a decline in the QS' Faculty and Student Ratio (FSR) indicator, with only four recording progresses.
On a positive note, two Indian universities currently rank in the top 250 in teacher-student ratio, unlike any of the previous editions. The highest performers in this metric are Savitribhai Phule University of Pune (225th in FSR), OP Jindal Global University (235th in FSR) and IISC Bangalore (276th in FSR).
Academic reputation (AR), employer reputation (ER), faculty-student ratio (FSR), citations per faculty (CpF), international faculty ratio and international students ratio are the six parameters that are used to determine the QS ranking.
Globally, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has been named the best university for the 11th year in a row. Second place went to Cambridge University followed by Stanford University.
Ben Sowter, QS Senior Vice President, said: "This edition of the QS World University Rankings reflects the excellent work that several Indian universities are doing to improve their research footprint, with positive consequences for their reputation on the global stage. Conversely, our dataset also suggests that the Indian higher education sector still struggles to provide adequate teaching capacity."