China emerges world leader in scientific research output, 'high impact' studies, US secondtext_fields
Toky: According to a report released by the Japanese ministry of science and technology, China has surpassed the US as the global leader in both the volume of scientific research and "high impact" studies.
According to the survey, which was released on Tuesday by Japan's National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTP), China currently publishes the most scientific research papers each year, followed by the US and Germany, the Guardian reported.
The figures were based on yearly averages between 2018 and 2020 and drawn from data compiled by the analytics firm Clarivate.
The Japanese NISTP report also found that Chinese research comprised 27.2 per cent of the world's top 1 per cent of most frequently cited papers.
The number of citations a research paper receives is a commonly used metric in academia.
The more times a study is cited in subsequent papers by other researchers, the greater its "citation impact", the Guardian reported.
The US accounted for 24.9 per cent of the top 1 per cent most highly cited research studies, while UK research was third at 5.5 per cent.
China published a yearly average of 407,181 scientific papers, pulling ahead of the US's 293,434 journal articles and accounting for 23.4 per cent of the world's research output, the report found.
China accounted for a high proportion of research into materials science, chemistry, engineering and mathematics, while US researchers were more prolific in research into clinical medicine, basic life sciences and physics, the Guardian reported.
The report was released on the same day that US President Joe Biden signed the Chips and Science Act, legislation that authorised $200 billion in research investment over ten years to increase the US's scientific research's competitiveness with China.
With IANS inputs.