United Nationa: India on Friday abstained on a vote at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva as the Council decided to set up an international commission of enquiry into Russia's military operation in Ukraine.
While the 47-member Council voted "overwhelmingly" with 32 in favour of the draft resolution, Russia and Eritrea remained against it and 13 other members abstained, including India, China, Pakistan, Sudan and Venezuela.
"The Human Rights Council has decided to urgently establish an independent international commission of inquiry as a result of Russia's aggression against Ukraine," the global rights body tweeted.
The countries voting in favour included France, Germany, Japan, Nepal, UAE, the UK and the US.
The resolution, the strongest one to be adopted by the UN system yet expressed grave concern at the ongoing human rights and humanitarian crisis in Ukraine.
It called on Russia to immediately end its human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law in Ukraine.
It also called for the swift and verifiable withdrawal of Russian troops and Russian-backed armed groups from the entire territory of Ukraine, within its internationally recognised borders.
A day before the resolution was adopted, India said at the Urgent Debate Thursday regarding the human rights situation in Ukraine at the 49th Human Rights Council Session in Geneva that it is greatly concerned over the steadily worsening humanitarian situation in Ukraine.
India urged for an immediate cessation of violence and an end to hostilities. No solution can ever arrive at the cost of human lives. Dialogue and diplomacy are the only solutions for settling differences and disputes, India said.
India called for respect and protection of human rights of people in Ukraine and safe humanitarian access to conflict zones.
Three human rights experts will be appointed to the Commission of Inquiry by the President of the Human Rights Council for an initial duration of one year.
The Commission will be mandated to identify, where possible, those individuals and entities responsible for violations or abuses of human rights or violations of international humanitarian law, or other related crimes, in Ukraine, to ensure that those responsible are held accountable.
India has abstained on two resolutions on Ukraine in the 15-nation Security Council and one in the 193-member General Assembly in the last week.
The UN General Assembly this week overwhelmingly voted to condemn Russian aggression against Ukraine and demanded that Moscow completely and unconditionally withdraw all of its military forces from the territory of Ukraine.
India abstained on the resolution, which received 141 votes in favour, five against and a total of 35 abstentions.