Tripoli: The Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya established by the UN Human Rights Council said that Libyans who try to flee from the warn torn country were subjected to various human rights violations by the hands of every party involved in the Libyan conflict over the last five years.
The report said that Europe-bound migrants faced abuses in detention centres and at the hands of traffickers, and prisoners were tortured in horrific conditions in jail, a violation of the international humanitarian law. The report linked these human rights violations to war crimes.
"There are reasonable grounds to believe that war crimes have been committed in Libya, while violence perpetrated in prisons and against migrants there may amount to crimes against humanity," said Mohamed Auajjar, who led the three-person panel with human rights experts Chaloka Beyani and Tracy Robinson.
"All parties to the conflict, including third states, foreign fighters and mercenaries, have violated international humanitarian law, in particular the principles of proportionality and distinction, and some have also committed war crimes", the report said.
The report also claims of identifying people who bear responsibility for the violations, abuses and crimes and their names will remain confidential until appropriate accountability mechanisms are in place.
"The findings unveil a dire human rights situation," the report said, and civilians had paid a heavy price, notably due to attacks on schools and hospitals.